Uganda, sometimes referred to as the “the pearl of Africa,” is bound by many countries including Rwanda, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, Kenya, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire). The country has many rivers and lakes that are interconnected by swamps, while much of its border is lakeside. Uganda has no access to the sea, which makes it a landlocked country with mostly plateaus and a rim of mountains. The climate is tropical and has no distinct seasons. It is generally rainy with two dry seasons from December to February, and from June to August.

The culture of Uganda is diverse with a range of four ethnic groups: Bantu, East Nilotic, Western Nilotic and minority populations of people of Central Sudan. English and Swahili are the country’s most popular languages, while many other tribal languages are spoken as well. Uganda, like other nations, is religiously diverse. The majority of the population is Christian and Islamic. Ugandan cuisine includes traditional and modern cooking styles with some English, Arab, and Asian influences. Most tribes in Uganda have traditional dishes and delicacies. Uganda’s cultural traditions are expressed through music, dance and various forms of art. In addition to the diversity of culture, the wildlife is just as varied and vast. According to Uganda’s Wildlife Authority, the country has ten national parks covering large portions of natural landscape and many animals. Their Rift Valley landscapes and tropical forests feature an extensive variety of flora and fauna. Uganda is indeed a pearl of Africa.

Uganda: Society & Culture.
World Trade Press, 2011.
The World Fact Book: The state of the World. 2014.
Uganda Wildlife Authority

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